Adıyaman

Formerly HÜSNÜMANSUR, Arabic HISN MANSUR, city located in a valley of southeastern Turkey. Founded in the 8th century by the Umayyad Arabs near the site of ancient Perre, Hisn Mansur was later fortified by Caliph Harun ar-Rashid and became the chief town of the area, replacing Perre. Ruled successively by the Byzantines, Seljuq Turks, and the Turkmen Dulkadir dynasty after the Arabs, it was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire near the end of the 14th century. Under the Turkish republic, it was renamed Adiyaman in 1926. The ruins of Perre are just to the north. The city is a local market for thse agricultural products of the area.

The region around Adiyaman contains mountains and plateaus drained by the Euphrates River and its tributaries. Products include cereals, cotton, tobacco, pistachio nuts, and grapes. Pop. (1990) 100,045.

Adiyaman is one of the oldest settlements in history, dating back to 40 th century B.C. Historical findings indicate that between 7.000 and 3000 B.C. Paleolithic, Neolithic and Chalcolithic Ages reigned in the area. It has been the host of many civilizations, including Hittite, Persian Kommagene, Roman and Byzantine. Founded at its present place, in thie 7 th century by the Ummayyads, Adiyaman later housed several empires and states, including Anatolian Seljuks and finally the Ottomans. In the republican era, Adiyaman had been a district of Malatya province until 1954. At that time it was given the status of province.

Situated in Southeastern Turkey, Adiyaman Province is flanked by the provinces of Diyarbakir (to the East), Malatya (to the North), Kahramanmaras; (to the West), Sanlizurfa anda Gaziantep (to the South). Eight districts are attached to Adiyaman. The land is rough and uneven, lowering from north to south. Along with the famous Euphrates, there are other rivers and creeks flowing in and out of the province. A sizeable part of the province's land, with its people and settlements, bordering Euphrates, were left to the artificial lake of the Ataturk Dam. The overall population of Adiyaman is 5690.386, according to the 1997 Census. The city center houses more than 213.596 inhabitants.

There are air, rail and overland routes to Adiyaman. Golbasi district is the primary junction, on the main highway to Malatya, Kahramanmaras and Gaziantep. Rail connections are also made in Golbasi, through which Malatya - Adana railroad passes. The Airport has opened in our city There have been flights from Adiyaman to Istanbul via Ankara three times a week (Monday. Wednesday and Saturday)

Adiyaman has been the host of many civilizations throughout its history. Being a melting pot socially and culturally, it has valuable features related to customs about different periods of life, hospitality, folk dancing, carpets and kilims etc. Adiyaman is famous for its folk songs, folk dances and tombs (turbe). Different kinds of meatballs, such as "cigkofte, icli kofte, mercimekli kofte" and hitap (stuffed hot pie) are special local foods in Adiyaman.